Time Line of the Tang Dynasty

618

Li Yuan establishes Tang dynasty with Chang’an(modern day Xi’an) as its capital.

626

Li Shimin kills his two brothers and becomes Second Emperor Taizong of Tang ruling until 649. China’s northern and western boundaries are established and secured. Nestorian Christianity and Buddhism is permitted in China. Within China, there is good administration.

638

First conflict between Tibet and Tang Dynasty ends in defeat for Tibetan armies.

650

Following the emperor’s death, Li Zhi took the throne as Emperor Gaozong. Islam is introduced into China by Sa`d ibn Abi Waqqas, maternal uncle of Muhammad, the prophet of Islam.

640-657

Multiple campaigns against Göktürks. By 657, Tang armies control the western frontier and Silk Road.

689/691

Meng Haoran is born

701

Wang Wei and Li Bai are born.

712

Du Fu is born. Seventh Emperor Ming (Xuanzong) of Tang begins reign of 43 years, overseeing growth and prosperity, as well as advances in the arts.

740

Death of Meng Haoran

755

An Lushan Rebellion begins, devastating northern China. Emperor flees to the south.

759

Death of Wang Wei

762

Death of Li Bai

763

End of An Lushan Rebellion.

770

Death of Du Fu.

772

Poets Bai Juyi and Li Shen (?) are born.

845

Emperor Wuzong confiscates Buddhist temples and property, begins persecution of Buddhists. Other ‘foreign religions’ are affected and Taoism and Confucianism become dominant.

858

Great Flood of Gun-Yu begins during the reign of Emperor Yao and lasts for years. Yellow and Yangtze rivers, and the connecting Grand Canal, overflow their banks killing tens of thousands and displacing millions. Yao writes, “Like endless boiling water, the flood pours forth destruction. Boundless and overwhelming, over-topping hills and mountains. Rising, ever rising, threatening the very heavens. How the people groan and suffer.”

875-883

Huang Chao’s rebellion follows severe drought, famine, and excessive taxation.

907

Zhu Wen kills last Emperor Zhaozong, ending Tang dynasty.

 

On Translation

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