Li Yuan establishes Tang dynasty. Chang’an （today, Xi’an) is its capital.
Li Shimin kills his two brothers and becomes second Emperor Taizong of Tang. Northern and western boundaries established and made safe. Within China, he insures good administration by his officials. He is considered one of the greatest emperors in China’s history.
Taizong allows Nestorian Christianity and Buddhism. First conflict between Tibet and Tang Dynasty ends in defeat for Tibetan armies.
Islam is introduced into China by Sa`d ibn Abi Waqqas, maternal uncle of Muhammad, the prophet of Islam.
Multiple campaigns against Göktürks, by 657 Tang armies control Turkish frontier and Silk Road.
Meng Haoran is born
Wang Wei and Li Bai are born.
Du Fu is born. Seventh Emperor Ming (Xuanzong) of Tang begins reign of 43 years, overseeing growth and prosperity, as well as advances in the arts.
Death of Meng Haoran
An Lushan Rebellion begins, devastating northern China. Emperor flees to the south.
Death of Wang Wei
Death of Li Bai
End of An Lushan Rebellion.
Death of Du Fu
Emperor Wuzong confiscates Buddhist temples and property, begins persecution of Buddhists. Other ‘foreign religions’ are affected and Taoism and Confucianism become dominant.
Great Flood of Gun-Yu begins during the reign of Emperor Yao and lasts for years. Yellow and Yangtze rivers, and the connecting Grand Canal, overflow their banks killing tens of thousands and displacing millions. Yao writes, “Like endless boiling water, the flood pours forth destruction. Boundless and overwhelming, over-topping hills and mountains. Rising, ever rising, threatening the very heavens. How the people groan and suffer.”
Huang Chao’s rebellion follows severe drought, famine, and excessive taxation.
Zhu Wen kills last Emperor Zhaozong, ending Tang dynasty.