Time Line of the Tang Dynasty

618

Li Yuan establishes Tang dynasty. Chang’an (today, Xi’an) is its capital.

626

Li Shimin kills his two brothers and becomes second Emperor Taizong of Tang. Northern and western boundaries established and made safe. Within China, he insures good administration by his officials. He is considered one of the greatest emperors in China’s history.

638

Taizong allows Nestorian Christianity and Buddhism. First conflict between Tibet and Tang Dynasty ends in defeat for Tibetan armies.

650

Islam is introduced into China by Sa`d ibn Abi Waqqas, maternal uncle of Muhammad, the prophet of Islam.

640-657

Multiple campaigns against Göktürks, by 657 Tang armies control Turkish frontier and Silk Road.

689/691

Meng Haoran is born

701

Wang Wei and Li Bai are born.

712

Du Fu is born. Seventh Emperor Ming (Xuanzong) of Tang begins reign of 43 years, overseeing growth and prosperity, as well as advances in the arts.

740

Death of Meng Haoran

755

An Lushan Rebellion begins, devastating northern China. Emperor flees to the south.

759

Death of Wang Wei

762

Death of Li Bai

763

End of An Lushan Rebellion.

770

Death of Du Fu

845

Emperor Wuzong confiscates Buddhist temples and property, begins persecution of Buddhists. Other ‘foreign religions’ are affected and Taoism and Confucianism become dominant.

858

Great Flood of Gun-Yu begins during the reign of Emperor Yao and lasts for years. Yellow and Yangtze rivers, and the connecting Grand Canal, overflow their banks killing tens of thousands and displacing millions. Yao writes, “Like endless boiling water, the flood pours forth destruction. Boundless and overwhelming, over-topping hills and mountains. Rising, ever rising, threatening the very heavens. How the people groan and suffer.”

875-883

Huang Chao’s rebellion follows severe drought, famine, and excessive taxation.

907

Zhu Wen kills last Emperor Zhaozong, ending Tang dynasty.